Russian
Main

Russian Academy of Sciences
Far East Branch

Institute of Tectonics and Geophysics

The Khabarovsk Innovation Analytical Center (KhAC)

provides:

*A high-precision element and component analysis of the following:

ü      rocks, ores, minerals, metals and alloys;

ü      building materials;

ü      water, soil, and biological objects;

ü      medical preparations;

ü      foodstuffs and consumer goods.

Different kinds of analyses are used according to the particularity of the object and goals:

ü      Element analysis

ü      Isotope analysis

ü      Radionuclide analysis

ü      Structure analysis

ü      Chromatographic analysis

*Standard methods are improved and new methods of analysis of raw materials, products and natural targets are developed.

*Scientific research is conducted in the field of geology and ecology.

Khabarovsk

2003

The Khabarovsk Innovation Analytical Center (KhAC) of collective use offers the following:

Analysis of element and isotope composition:

Kinds of analysis: X-ray fluorescent, atomic absorptive, chemical spectral, β-γ-spectrometric, flame photometry, mass-spectrometric.

Instrumentation: KFK-2 photocolorimeter (Russia), Spectroscan (Russia), Yulia-2 spectrometer (Russia), FLAFO-40 flame photometer (Germany), HITACHI atomic absorptive spectrometer (Japan), ICP MS ELAN DRC II (USA), PROGRESS β-γ-spectrometer (Russia).

Chromatographic analysis

Kinds of analysis: gas, volatile and organic compound chromatography.

Instrumentation: chromatographs M 3700, LKHM 8 MD, BIOKHROM, 530 (Russia), HP-1050, HP-5890 (USA), KHROM-5 (Czechoslovakia), THS CAMAG thin-layer chromatography (Germany).

Structural analysis

Kinds of analysis: optical and electron microscopy, IR, UV-, and NIS-spectroscopy.

Instrumentation: Specord-80 IR and IR-75 IR-spectrometers (Germany), SF-46 spectrophotometer (Russia), -8452 (USA), HITACHI scanning electron microscope (Japan), BS-613 transmission electron microscope (Czechoslovakia), Carl Zeiss and POLAM optical microscopes.

Sample pretreatment

Procedures: sawing, crushing, rock material grinding, thin and polished section preparation.

To conduct special analytical investigations, the KhAC works in close contact with the following laboratories of the Institute of Tectonics and Geophysics: petrophysics (petromagnetic investigations), tectonics (inclusion study of minerals, and microphotography), and GIS-technologies (compilation of data bases and operations with them).

The Khabarovsk Innovation Analytical Center (KhAC) is a member of the Far East Branch Analytical Network uniting the largest analytical centers and laboratories of the region. If you do not have sufficient possibilities for executing of your order, we will help you place it in other divisions of the network.

1.   Rocks, ores, minerals, metals, and alloys

Atomic absorptive spectrometry in combination with electrothermal atomization is used to determine the contents of Fe, Mn, Co, Ni, Cu, Ag, Zn, Pb, Li, In, Bi, Sb, As, Cr, and other elements in rocks, minerals and ores with sensitivity of up to 10-6 - 10-8mass.%. This method is intended for determination of the principal components and admixtures of different ore minerals (magnetite, ilmenite, pyrite, pyrrhotite, arsenopyrite, galenite, sphalerite, sheelite, wolframite, and minerals of more complex composition) in rocks and synthetic materials.

Sample specifications: weight ³ 2g, material ground to 200 meshes.

 

ICP-analysis has a high sensitivity (up to 10-11 g/l) at definition of all elements except for C, N, O, H, He, S, Cl, F and Ar in any matrix.

Sample specifications: weight ³ 0.5g, material ground to 200 meshes.

Isotope ratio investigations by ICP-MS techniques have sensitivity better than 0.1 ppm and a precision to 0.02%.

Sample specifications: weight ³ 0.5g, material ground to 200 meshes.

X-ray fluorescent analysis determines qualitative elemental composition (Ca20 to U92) of rocks, ores, minerals, alloys, and pure metals.

Sample specifications: weight ³ 1g, metal platelets 10x10mm, 1mm thick, material is ground to 200 meshes for rock determination.

Silicate analysis of rocks and nonmetallic minerals is carried out as part of chemical analysis determining the contents of SiO2, iO2, l23, F2O3, FeO, MnO, MgO, CaO, Na2O, 2, Stotal, P2O5, H2O+, CO2, 2-, etc. Additionally, determination of F, Cr and Ni with sensitivity of up to 10-2 mass % is possible.

Sample specifications: weight ³ 10g, material ground to 200 meshes.

The method of gas-liquid chromatography is used for contents determination of oil, bitumen and other organic compound components in rocks with a threshold of delectability of < 1ng in the volume.

Sample specifications: weight ³ 5g, material ground to 200 meshes.

Petromagnetic investigations make it possible:

 

           to study magnetic characteristics of rocks aiming at geological stratification and solving various tectonic problems. Sample specifications: rock sample measuring ³ 2x2x2cm (for paleomagnetic investigations oriented);

           to determine the contents of ferromagnetic microadmixtures in rocks, ores, sinter, dumps, ground and soil with sensitivity up to 10-3 % for assessment of correlative characteristics of ore potential and for increase in recovery of useful components. Sample specifications: solid or loose sample weighing ³0.1g;

           to make petromagnetic expertise of man-made and man-caused pollution of ground and soil.

           to make an assessment of properties and reliability of ferrite carriers of composite materials with the predetermined manufacturing technology. Sample specifications: unregulated.

The study of fluid and melt inclusions in minerals allows making independent estimations of the temperature and pressure at which minerals and rocks form, and also determination of composition and state of the crystallization medium. Two basic PT geochemical methods, thermometry and cryometry, are employed in the KhAC.

           Thermometric investigations are intended for measuring homogenization temperatures of fluid and melt inclusions ³ 5μm in size in a temperature range of 50 to 1200C with accuracy of 3-5C for fluid inclusions, and 10-15C for melt inclusions.

           Cryometric study of inclusions ³ 3μm in size ranging between +40 and -190C with accuracy +/-0.5C allows us to define the composition and state of the mineral-forming fluid and to assess crystallization pressure. Sample specifications: rock and mineral sections polished on both sides, 0.5mm thick.

Electron microscopic investigations carried out in a scanning and transmission regimes with magnification by 100,000 times make it possible to specify the structural features of rocks, ores, minerals, metals, and alloys.

Sample specifications: unregulated.

Optical microscopic investigations in the transmission and reflection mode with application of polarized and ultra-violet light with magnification up to 1200 times are undertaken for petrographic study of rocks and ores, and for definition of structural parameters of metals and alloys.

Sample specifications: petrographic thin sections and polished sections.

 

Photometric determination of coal reflectance (Ro) for estimation of their quality.

 

Photographing of petrological and other micropreparations involves the use of optical microscopy and a digital method implying JPEG recording.

 

2. Building materials

β-γ- spectrometric analysis is used for defining pollution of any building materials (sand, crushed stone, cement, brick, concrete, timber, finishing materials, etc.) by natural (K40, Th232, Ra226) and man-caused (Cs137, Sr90) radionuclide.

Minimal measurable activity:

on β-tract - Sr90 0,7 Bk

on γ-tract - Cs137 3 Bk; K40 40 Bk; Th232 7 Bk; Ra226 8 Bk.

Sample specifications: unregulated.

ICP-analysis has a high sensitivity (up to 10-11 g/l) at definition of all elements except for C, N, O, H, He, S, Cl, F and Ar in any building materials.

Sample specifications: weight ³ 0.5g, material ground to 200 meshes.

3.      Water, soil and biological object analysis

Water

The methods of gas and liquid chromatography determine the contents of volatile and heavy organic admixtures, oil products, and natural gasses in water. The method of chemical analysis in water and bioobjects determines macroelement content. Microelement concentration can be defined by the method of atomic absorptive spectrometry with sensitivity of up to 10-9 g/l.

Sample specifications: unregulated.

 

ICP-analysis has a high sensitivity (up to 10-11 g/l) at definition of all elements except for C, N, O, H, He, S, Cl, F and Ar in water without any preparation.

Sample specifications: 50-100 ml of water.

Soil

β-γ spectrometric analysis is employed to define soil and bioobject pollution by natural (K40, Th232, Ra226) and man-caused (Cs137, Sr90) radionuclids.

Minimal measurable activity:

on β-tract - Sr90 0,7 Bk

on γ-tract - Cs137 3 Bk; K40 40 Bk; Th232 7 Bk; Ra226 8 Bk.

Sample specifications: unregulated.

 

ICP-analysis has a high sensitivity (up to 10-11 g/l) at definition of all elements except for C, N, O, H, He, S, Cl, F and Ar in soils.

Sample specifications: weight ³ 0.5g, material ground to 200 meshes.

 

X-ray fluorescent analysis determines chemical elements i soil and bioobjects, from calcium to transuranium, in quantities of 10-4 to 100 mass %.

Sample specifications: weight ³ 1g, material ground to 200 meshes.

Chemical analysis determines soil acidity, and also macrocomponent content of soil.

The method of atomic absorptive spectrometry is used to determine microcomponent concentration in soils, and the degree of their heavy and toxic metal pollution with sensitivity of up to 10-6 g/l.

Sample specifications: weight ³ 2g, material ground to 200 meshes.

Biological objects

ICP-analysis has a high sensitivity (up to 10-11 g/l) at definition of all elements except for C, N, O, H, He, S, Cl, F and Ar in any biological objects.

Sample specifications: ³ 0.5g of hard material, ³ 50 ml of water solution.

The method of atomic absorptive spectrometry is used to determine microcomponent concentration in blood and other biological objects with sensitivity of up to 10-6 g/l.

Sample specifications: weight ³ 2g, material ground to 200 meshes.

Electron microscopic investigations in a scanning and transmission regimes with magnification by 100,000 times permit us to specify the morphological properties of tissues, blood components and other biopreparations.

Sample specifications: they must be prepared in accordance with specific methods.

4.      Medical preparations

ICP-analysis and the method of atomic absorptive spectrometry is employed to define composition of medicines and they are also intended for medical products verification.

Sample specifications: unregulated.

5.      Foodstuffs and beverages, consumer goods*

The method of gas-liquid chromatography is used to determine concentrations of methanol, fusel oils, ester, preservatives, food supplements, toxins, pesticides, volatile amines, phenols, and other organic admixtures in alcoholic drinks, spirits and foodstuffs.

Sample specifications: unregulated.

 

Atomic absorptive analysis helps to determine the contents of the following toxic elements in foodstuffs: copper, lead, cadmium, zinc, mercury, arsenic, iron, tin, chrome, nickel, etc.; and nitrates, in vegetables, with sensitivity of up to 10-9 g/l.

Sample specifications: unregulated.

The method of β γ spectrometric analysis is used to check radiation pollution of foodstuffs and consumer goods by natural (K40, Th232, Ra226) and man-caused (Cs137, Sr90) radionuclids.

Minimal measurable activity:

on β-tract - Sr90 0,7 Bk;

on γ-tract - Cs137 3 Bk; K40 40 Bk; Th232 7 Bk; Ra226 8 Bk.

Sample specifications: unregulated.

The KhAC carries out complex analysis of consumer goods (metal, glass and plastic dishware, detergents, polyethylene film, etc.) for normality and product safety.

Sample specifications: unregulated.

*Analyses are made by orders of the Far East Chamber of Commerce and Industry.


Address: 65, Kim Yu Chen St, Khabarovsk 680000

Director Nikolay V. Berdnikov, Doctor of Geology

Tel.: (4212) 70-30-20

Fax: (4212) 22-76-84, 22-71-89

E-mail: nick@itig.as.khb.ru)

Chief of analyses, Yuri A. Mikhalev

Tel.: (4212) 22-77-32, 70-36-36)

Scientific adviser, Leonid F. Mishin, Doctor of Geology

Marketing adviser, Valery I. Sinyukov, Doctor of Geology